- Last Update On : 2013-01-13
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as: persistent proteinuria (urine albumin/creatinine ratio of greater than 30 mg/g in an untimed urine) or a reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2).
The most common causes of CKD are diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis. Certain racial groups (African-American) and ethnic groups (Hispanics or Latinos regardless of canadian cialis generic race) are at increased risk.
A variety of treatments are available to slow the progression of kidney disease. For type 1 diabetics, strict control of blood glucose concentrations has been shown to limit the development of microalbuminuria. Patients with hypertension benefit from treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
Most laboratories measure kidney function by measuring serum creatinine and cialis and diarrhea 24-hour creatinine clearance. Creatinine is a by-product of muscle turnover. Human beings produce a relatively constant amount of creatinine per da