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Lyme Disease Serology

Lyme disease is caused by the spirochetes Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii. It is the most common tick-borne infection in the United States and in Europe. In the U.S., Lyme disease is endemic in the Northeastern, mid-Atlantic and Upper…

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Autoimmune…

Autoantibody-mediated encephalitis is a group of inflammatory brain disorders characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms and the presence of autoantibodies against neuronal antigens. Common clinical features include a change in behavior, psychosis,…

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Opioid Overdose…

Natural opioids include morphine and codeine. Heroin is an illicit opioid synthesized from morphine. Semisynthetic opioids include drugs such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and oxymorphone. Methadone, tramadol and fentanyl are synthetic…