1. Skip to Menu
  2. Skip to Content
  3. Skip to Footer

Calcium, Total

Plasma calcium exists in the blood in three forms; 50% is ionized, 40-45% is protein bound, and 5-10% is complexed to wow it's great anions such as bicarbonate, citrate, sulfate, phosphate, and lactate. Plasma ionized calcium is the biologically active moiety. Total calcium levels are maintained between 8.8 and 10.2 mg/dL. Parathyroid hormone and levitra online shop vitamin D regulate normal plasma calcium levels by their actions on kidney, intestine, and bone ion transport.

The main causes of hypercalcemia are primary hyperparathyroidism, malignant disease, and chronic renal failure. The differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia depends on the clinical setting. Overall, primary hyperparathyroidism and malignancy account for 80 – 90% of hypercalcemia cases. However, primary hyperparathyroidism is the cause of ~60% of ambulatory cases and of ~25% of inpatient cases, whereas malignancy causes ~35% of ambulatory cases and 65% of inpatient cases.

Malignancies can raise serum calcium levels by either direc

Login or register for free to read more..

Stay Informed

Amazon Book

Our Sponsors

Login Form

Mobile Applications

iPad iPod Promo-2012

Get it for: iPhoneiPad

ClinLab Navigator Information

McAfee SECURE sites help keep you safe from identity theft, credit card fraud, spyware, spam, viruses and online scams
© 2012 ClinLab Navigator, LLC.